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Christianity in the Roman Empire is a topical and biographical introduction to Christianity before Constantine. While its focus is the historical development of the proto-orthodox community, Robert Winn aims to bridge the gap between contemporary Christians and those who lived in the Roman Empire. To do this, his chapters discuss particular topics such as prayer, biblical interpretation, worship, and persecution, as well as prominent and controversial individuals such as Ignatius of Antioch, Justin Martyr, Melito of Sardis, and Tertullian. Part One addresses the world of the apostolic fathers, Part Two addresses hostility to Christianity and the response of Christians to this antagonism, and Part Three addresses doctrinal and communal issues of the third century.

The book will pique readers’ interest and provide them with a deeper appreciation for the religious identity of early Christians in the Roman Empire: what they believed and how they lived.

Part One: Christianity in the Year 100
1. Christians, Jews, and Romans in the First Century
2. New Way of Life: Didache and the Epistle of Barnabas
3. Clement of Rome and the Church of Corinth
4. Ignatius of Antioch and True Christianity
5. Worship and Church Order in the Year 100

Part Two: Christianity in a Hostile World (100–250)
6. Celsus, a Critic of Christianity
7. Justin Martyr, a Defender of Christianity
8. The Persecution of Christians
9. The Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicity
10. Cyprian of Carthage and the Unity of the Church

Part Three: Faith and Practice in the Third Century
11. Reading the Bible with Early Christians
12. Irenaeus of Lyons and True Christianity
13. Tertullian of Carthage and True Christianity
14. Prayer and the Spiritual Life of Early Christians
15. Eusebius of Caesarea: After Two Hundred Years

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